Conventional Loans: Everything You Need to Know About Repayment Terms

As housing prices continue to increase, it has become increasingly difficult for many to afford a home. Conventional loans have become an increasingly popular option for first-time and current homeowners alike as they offer benefits, such as fixed-rate mortgage options, up to 90% loan-to-value ratios, and more. 

However, before taking the plunge and deciding to take out a conventional loan, you need to know about repayment terms and all the details associated with them. There are a few key elements to consider before signing that dotted line-prepayment penalties, the loan’s term, and if the interest rate is fixed or adjustable. 

This post will provide you with all the information you need to know about conventional loan repayment terms, so you can feel confident and informed as you shop for your new home.

What Are Conventional Loan Repayment Terms?

Conventional loan repayment terms refer to the standard conditions under which a borrower agrees to repay back the loaned amount over a period of time. Repayment terms can vary from lender to lender and typically involve fixed or adjustable interest rates as well as several other factors that affect the overall financial burden on the borrower.

When considering what type of conventional loan repayment terms are best for you, it’s important to consider the long-term implications. When working with short-term repayment plans, you may end up with a higher monthly payment but a lower total cost due to lower interest rates. 

On the other hand, when working with longer-term plans, you may find yourself paying more in total interest, but a lower monthly payment overall. Ultimately, this decision is highly personal and should be reviewed carefully with your loan officer to ensure it fits within your budget and goals.

Both sides of the equation must be weighed carefully prior to making any decisions pertaining to conventional loan repayment terms; however, no matter which option is chosen, it’s important to understand that these are binding agreements with legal ramifications. Failing to meet these obligations could result in defaulting on the loan and potentially hurting your credit score as well as future borrowing potential.

Calculating Your Monthly Payment

One of the primary considerations when taking out a conventional loan is calculating your estimated monthly payment. Knowing what you can expect to pay every month will help guide your budget and determine if you are capable of realistically affording a loan. A few key factors that go into calculating your monthly payment include the amount borrowed, the total loan length, and the interest rate.

The simplest way to calculate your monthly payment is by using a mortgage calculator online. You would just have to put in basic information such as the principal (the loan amount), the term (the length of time the loan is set for), and the interest rate (the percentage of interest charged). 

a calculator with a text Loan

The calculator will then automatically generate your expected payment amount each month. You can also divide the total cost of the loan by the number of months in the repayment period so as to roughly approximate how much you would be paying each month.

Some people advocate for conventional loans as an effective way to pay down debt faster, thus reducing interest payments over time. Advocates for this approach point out that shorter-length loans require higher payments but incur a lower interest rate over time. 

On the other hand, people who prefer longer-length loans argue that conventional loans might come with lower payments but easily build up more debt with their substantial interest rates over a longer period of time.

Now that you have some insight into conventional loan repayment terms and how to estimate your monthly payments, let’s move on to discussing another integral part of taking out a loan – lenders determining the total amount you can borrow.

Common Conventional Loan Repayment Terms

When it comes to conventional loan repayment terms, there are two primary options: fixed-term loans and adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs).

Fixed-Term Loans

When it comes to repayment of a conventional loan, one of the most common terms is that of a fixed-term loan. As the name implies, this type of loan has an interest rate and repayment period that remain the same throughout its duration. The most common fixed-term loans are 30-year and 15-year mortgages, but they can be structured to different lengths according to preference and budget.

Some people argue that a fixed-rate loan is the best option because interest rates won’t change over time, so borrowers will always pay the same amount each month. Others argue that the opposite is true since with a fixed term it’s much more difficult to adjust payments if circumstances change or become more expensive due to inflation.

It is important for individuals to weigh their options carefully and consider both sides before making a decision about which type of loan is right for them. With careful consideration and planning, borrowers can make an informed decision that works best for their financial situation.

Adjustable-Term Loans

In addition to fixed-term loans, borrowers may also consider adjustable-term loans when it comes to conventional loan repayment. While fixed-term loans offer consistent monthly payments during the life of the loan, adjustable-term loans, also known as adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs) offer a periodic interest rate adjustment after a set period

Generally speaking, ARMs start with lower initial interest rates but their interest rate can go up or down over the life of the loan depending on the terms agreed upon in the contract.

At the end of the day, whether someone chooses a fixed-term loan or an ARM comes down to personal preference and financial goals. Borrowers should carefully evaluate both options and consider any other potential fees and risks associated before making their decision.

Additional Benefits of Conventional Loans

In comparison to adjustable-term loans, conventional loans offer potential borrowers additional benefits. 

  • One of the main advantages of a conventional loan is that it gives borrowers more certainty about their mortgage payments going forward. 

Because the interest rate of a conventional loan is fixed, borrowers will know exactly how much they are required to pay each month for the life of the loan, regardless of any fluctuations in the market. 

  • A second advantage associated with conventional loans is that generally, they require less money upfront compared to other types of loans. 

While adjustable-rate mortgages may require up to 20% in upfront fees and points, those fees can usually be waived or rolled into a conventional loan. 

  • Finally, there are fewer restrictions placed on conventional loans than on many other types of loans. 

For example, with some types of mortgages, such as FHA loans and VA loans, there are restrictions placed on who is eligible to take out such a mortgage. With a conventional loan, anyone can qualify depending upon their creditworthiness and ability to make monthly payments.

On the other hand, some may argue that adjustable-rate loans have advantages over conventional ones. They might point out that with an adjustable-rate mortgage, borrowers can benefit from lower rates in the short term which can often help them save money, in the long run, should interest rates remain stable. 

Additionally, adjustable-rate mortgages offer more flexibility when it comes to making payments; some ARMs are even adjustable on both ends and allow for payment terms that range from 15 years up to 30 years or longer. Finally, ARMs can provide access to funds for those who may not have enough money for a down payment or closing costs associated with conventional loans.


To conclude, the repayment terms of a conventional loan are critical to an understanding before taking out a loan. Having the right knowledge can help borrowers determine which loan product is best suited for their needs; however, if questions remain unanswered it’s important to speak with an expert who is knowledgeable about all aspects and products in the loan industry.  

A mistake now can cause long-term financial issues which can impact many years into the future. Whether a borrower is looking for a purchase loan, refinancing options, or construction financing; understanding repayment terms helps ensure that all loans fit comfortably with one’s budget goals and plans. 

Make sure you always read your contracts and discuss any questions you may have with the lender before submitting all final documents to ensure full understanding. For those of you interested in further reading about alternative necessary finance options related to conventional loans check out Sprint Funding’s recently published blogs! You may also get in touch for more information